Basic Formula to Crochet a Circle:
There are two ways to work circles in crochet. One way is to end off after each round and start another round; or to work rounds continuously.
In topi we crochet the chanda in continuous rounds taking care to mark the ends of rows with a length of contrasting yarn.
Tip: It’s good to begin with a magic loop and work 7 sc( single crochet) into it, plus or minus one stitch. With 6 stitches my circle starts to cup a little, and with 8 stitches I get some extra fullness after several rounds, but everyone’s gauge is different.
Tip: For a beginner I would suggest 8 scs.
When I am crocheting topis for size 19 and above(to have a flat circle that stays flat as it gets bigger) I start with 7 sts. No matter how many stitches you may start with, the instructions for round 2 and beyond are the same.
- To work the first round, either make a magic loop (I recommend a magic loop-7 sts) or chain 4(chain 3 if you want to start with 6 sts ), join with a slip stitch in the first chain to form a ring. Chain 1, 8 scs around. Do not join rounds. To mark ends of rounds use a length of contrasting colour yarn. At the end of round 1,lay the yarn across your thread so that it falls after the last stitch in round 1. Work over it into the first single crochet (be careful not to single crochet into the chain that comes before the first single crochet).
- To work round 2, work 2 sc in each stitch around. Flip the marking yarn up so that it lays after the last stitch on round 2. Working two stitches on each round increases the round by the number of stitches you started with.
- To work round 3, work(2 sc in next stitch, sc in next stitch) around. Flip the marking yarn forward so that it lays after the last stitch of round 3. Again you have increased the round by the number of stitches you started with. Stitch count for round 3 is 3x the number of stitches in round 1.
- To work round 4, work(sc in next two stitches,2 sc in next st)around. Why not just start with 2 scs in the first stitch? The answer is the secret to round circles rather than octagonish. You don’t want to place increases on top of increases on the previous rounds.For round 4 you have 4 stitch repeat and 4x the number of stitches in round one.
- To work round 5, work(2 sc in next stitch,sc in next 3 sts) around. For round 5, you have 5 stitch repeat and 5x the number of stitches in round 1.
- To work round 6, work(sc in next 3 sts,2 sc in next st,sc in next st) around. This round can be worked with increase anywhere in the 6 st repeat-just don’t stack the increase on top of the increase of the previous round. So for round 6,you have 6 stitch repeat and 6x the number of stitches in round 1.
For subsequent rounds, you just keep increasing in the same manner, placing the increases between the increases of the previous round.
Continue flipping the contrasting yarn forward and back to mark the ends of the rounds.
I would suggest that you crochet the chanda in a day or two, concentrating on placing of increases and marking the ends of the rows with the contrasting coloured yarn.This helps you to have a steady hand and you won’t make mistakes.
It is best to unravel the rounds and correct any mistake traced eg an increase is forgotten, a stitch is missed out etc rather than continue further.
Tip: Cross check your work at the end of every round.
A Few Abbreviations & Crochet Symbols to follow the Tutorial:
Few abbreviations to follow:
- Chain Stitch – ch
- Single Crochet Stitch – sc
- Increase – Inc(2 sc in st)
- Stitch – st
Few crochet symbols to follow:
The First 7 Rounds
Round 1 : Begin with 4 ch, join with slip stitch.
Round 2 : Work 1 chain( Inc in 4 st) around
Round 3 : Work( Inc in 8 st) around
Round 4 : Work( Inc, sc in 1 st) around
Round 5 : Work( sc in 2 st, Inc) around
Round 6 : Work( Inc, sc in 3 sts) around
Round 7 : Work( sc in 3 sts, Inc, sc in 1 st) around
A Special Note:
- Remember to flip the contrasting yarn front and back at the ends of rounds.
- Do not sc in one chain after the slip stitch.
- Count stitches at the end of each round to avoid errors.
- Work single crochet only in the back loop unlike crochet (sc is worked in front and back loop).
- In most cities/towns where white topi dora is not available, you can crochet the chanda/circle in wool/yarn until you can get some. The work in wool/yarn can be kept as a sampler for your future reference.
Instructions for Subsequent Rounds:
The purple squares indicate ravas.
- Round 8 : Work( 1 sc, Inc, 4 sc) around
- Round 9 : Work( 3 sc, Inc, 1 sc, 1 ravo, 1 sc) around.
- Round 10 : Work( 1 sc, Inc, 3 sc, 1 ravo, 1 sc, 1 ravo) around.
A rava is worked as follows:
- Insert hook in front and back loop of stitch.
- Draw a loop (two loops on hook).
- Insert hook into back loop and draw into first loop on hook.
- Draw thread through the two loops on hook.
Rava is done.
Round 11 : Work(5 sc, Inc, 1 sc, 1 rava, 1 sc) around
Round 12 : Work( 3 sc, 1 rava, 4 sc, Inc, 1 sc) around
Round 13 : Work( Inc, 1 sc, 1 rava, 1 sc, 1 rava, 6sc) around
Round 14 : Work ( 4 sc, 1 rava, 4 sc, Inc, 2 sc) around
Round 15 : Work ( 4 sc, Inc, 6 sc, 1 rava, 1 sc) around
Round 16 : Work ( Inc, 10 sc, 1 rava, 1 sc, 1 ravo) around
Round 17 : Work( 8 sc, Inc, 4 sc, 1 rava, 1 sc) around
Round 18 : Work( Inc, 5 sc, 1 rava, 9 sc)around
Round 19 : Work( 6 sc, 1 rava, 1 sc, 1 rava,1 sc, Inc, 6 sc) around
Round 20 : Work( 7 sc, 1 rava, 7 sc, Inc, 2 sc) around
Round 21 : Work( 7 sc, Inc, 8 sc, 1 rava, 2 sc) around
Round 22 : Work ( 16 sc, 1 rava, 1 sc, 1 rava, Inc) around
Round 23 : Work( 10 sc, Inc, 6 sc, 1 rava, 3 sc) around
Round 24 : Work( 7 sc, 1 rava, 10 sc, Inc,3 sc) around
Round 25 : Work( 5 sc, Inc, 1 rava, 1 sc, 1 rava, 14 sc) around
Round 26 : Work( 8 sc, 1 rava, 5 sc, Inc, 9 sc) around
Round 27 : Work (sc in st) around
After working this row finger press the deewal and turn down.
The chanda so far has a straight edge and no ruffles. Keep a count of stitches at the end of each round. Any errors can be rectified when reviewing.
Note : The photos are captioned in error. Eg. Round 10 & 11 is Round 11 & 12 and so on. Regret inconvenience.
Circle in Review
The circle or the chanda is complete and Round 27 is worked and turned down( finger press) into deewal. Before proceeding further, lets review the work done till now:
- The edge is straight-ruffled nor tight
- Stitch count for every round is 8x
- Diameter across is 5 1/2 inches for topi size 18
- Increases evenly placed-no stacking
- The edge is circular and not octagonish